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Karaeng dalam pusaran politik :: Studi kasus di Kabupaten Jeneponto

Penulis

Haboddin, Muhtar

Pembimbing: Dr. I Ketut Putra Erawan, MA


ABSTRACT : There are three main reason why the study of karaeng is choosen as the topic of this research. First of all, there are less study concerning on the existence of karaeng even worse this issue seems to be marginalized from the existing research. Second of all, karaeng, in it’s social basis in Jeneponto is considered as the ruling class in it’s social stratification and determining both of socioeconomic and political structure. Third of all, in regards with the dynamics of local governance we can not neglect the existence of karaeng as the ruling class. Those three reason are sufficient to show the significance of political role of karaeng in term of local politics in post implementation of political decentralization and political liberation. During the moment of political decentralization and political liberalization, the political role as well political movement of karaeng are significantly strenghtening in Jeneponto. At this point, this research is aimed to answer the big question of: how karaeng as social class using and expanding their power trouhgout the on going process of political liberalization? In which areas are the karaeng compiting in local politics? The answer for those questions to be examined throughout three following theoritical frameworks, those are; politicl liberalization, elite competition process and patron-client. The political liberalization procss has opened the space for karaeng’s political participation to focus on race on political position.afterwards, the race for patron client political relations is inevitable. Based on findings of the research there’s an undoubted fact that karaengs whose competing for political position in formal poiticl institution is supported by tree basis of power. First of all the economical basis which being manifasted on the onership of land and salt farming. Second, is political basis manifested on project distribution and rank or political position troughout family network. While the last basis is cultural support which put the karaeng in such nobel position in society. Those three legitimation basis has influenced significantly on the political process at any level in Jeneponto. The fierce of political competition on public position influence the dynamics of internal cohession among the karaeng. The internal dynamic of karaeng could be described as petal of flower in the sense that the karaeng will strenghten their social bonding when they’re on agenda toward huge political issue specifically when they’re talking about the political future of Jeneponto. But the existence of karaeng is often being threatened and facing seperation whenever they struggle for their personal political interest. Such political athmosphere which will haunt the political existence of karaeng; present and future. Key words: Karaeng, Political Liberalization and elite constelation.

INTISARI : Ada tiga alasan yang mendorong mengapa persoalan golongan karaeng dijadikan fokus kajian. Pertama, golongan karaeng masih menjadi isu marginal dan belum banyak dijadikan objek kajian. Kedua, karaeng sebagai sebuah strata sosial tertinggi dalam pelapisan masyarakat Jeneponto ternyata mempunyai posisi yang sangat menentukan struktur politik, ekonomi dan sosial. Ketiga, membicarakan dinamika politik pemerintahan tidak pernah lepas dari eksistensi golongan karaeng. Tiga alasan ini sudah cukup untuk mengatakan pentingnya kiprah golongan karaeng ditelisik dalam ranah politik lokal pasca pemberlakuan politik desentralisasi dan liberalisasi politik. Di tengah arus politik desentralisasi dan liberalisasi politik, gerakan dan kiprah politik golongan karaeng semakin nyata bentuknya. Bahkan, posisinya semakin kuat dalam peta politik di Jeneponto. Pada titik inilah, penelitian ingin menjawab pertanyaan: bagaimana golongan karaeng

Kata kunci Karaeng,Liberalisasi politik,Kontestasi elit
Program Studi S2 Ilmu Politik UGM
No Inventaris c.1 (0196-H-2009)
Deskripsi ix, 141 p., bibl., ills., 29 cm
Bahasa Indonesia
Jenis Tesis
Penerbit [Yogyakarta] : Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2009
Lokasi Perpustakaan Pusat UGM
File Tulisan Lengkap dapat Dibaca di Ruang Tesis/Disertasi
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